The wreck of the Yugoslav cargo steamer “Vis” 79 m long, which hit a mine near the eastern coast of Istria at Cape Mašnjak, when it sailed from Rijeka to Raša on February 13, 1946. He went through the whole war like a warship, roaming the world’s seas to eventually sink near his home port. Although the ship disappeared below the surface in a few minutes after the mine exploded, most of the crew survived. Today, the wreck is only 400 meters away from the coast.
After immersion, the highest part of the boat first appears in depth – a chimney covered with a large number of fishing nets. The superstructure of the ship is very well preserved, with the exception of the wooden decks, which have rotted, so you can easily get inside the ship. All the outer parts of the ship were heavily overgrown with various marine plants that make it impossible to identify them. Large schools of fish, along with capital eels, are now commonplace, especially inside the ship.
Technical wreck Depth 45 – 60 m
A Cypriot cargo ship built in 1952, 72 meters long, sank at the port of Rijeka on January 15, 1977. The wreck of the ship is specific in that the bow was cut and the bow lifted to pick it up. The wreck is very well preserved and will satisfy both beginners and advanced divers, who can easily swim through the interior and look into the kitchen, for example.
Depth 19 – 38 m
The 85-meter-long Italian ship built in 1913 in Venice sailed for the first time on August 15, 1914. On November 16, 1918, while sailing from Pula to Rijeka, despite the captain watching the map of minefields, she caught one of the mines sideways. The explosion tore the ship in two. The part of the bow about 50 meters long lies at a depth of 55 meters turned upside down. Torpedoes in the cargo hold can be seen through a crack in the hull of the ship. A well-preserved stern about 30 meters long lies straight at the bottom at a shallower depth.
Technical wreck Depth 44 – 55 m
The wreck of the Italian cargo steamer “Lina” 70 m long is located on the northwest coast of the island of Cres, at Cape Cres. The steamer was wrecked on January 14, 1914, when the crew lost their orientation due to the thick fog while sailing through the canal, and then the storm drove them to the shore, where the ship crashed. The steamer transported goods from southern Italy to England for almost a quarter of a century and then coal from Cardiff.
The wreck lies at a depth of 25 to 50 meters on a sandy bottom. When diving, you can immediately notice two large anchors on the bow. The deck is very rotten, so it is possible to enter the lower deck and see the interior of the ship. There was almost nothing left of the captain’s bridge, because the sides were wooden. However, the metal part of the superstructure behind the bridge has been well preserved and it is possible to enter the engine room from here. But be careful – due to the steep slope, there is a depth of about 40 meters, which is the limit of scuba diving. Next to the stern is a warehouse and mast, on which hang the remains of fishing nets. While diving still further along the deck, we get to the stern itself, where the depth is already about 50 meters. At the bottom of the bay just below the water level is the entrance to an interesting small underwater cave with shoals of fish.
Depth 25 – 50 m
Kalliope fell into the category of Liberty-class cargo ships. It was built in less than a month in May 1943 in North Carolina SB Co. and Wilmington N.C. Owned by the New York company Black Diamond SS Corporation, it sailed for the needs of the US Army. It served mainly as a transport ship. After the war, it was offered for resale. Already in 1946, it was bought by the Greek company Panagos D. Patera from the island of Chiosa and gave it a name from Greek mythology – KALLIOPÉ, Kalliopé after the daughter of the supreme god Zeus. However, Kalliope roamed the world’s seas for just over a year. Trade routes also led her to the Adriatic. She sailed empty from Charleston to Rijeka and stopped briefly in Ancona. On December 19, 1947, she sailed north from Ancona in the evening to arrive in Kvarner at dawn on December 20. As the weather was good and the sea was calm, Captain Mihali Mantszavrinos did not follow the navigation map, according to which he sailed to Rijeka. He relied on his knowledge and naval experience. However, this was a fatal mistake, as Kvarner had not yet been cleared of naval mines and many places were still mined. All ships sailing in this area had to follow a safe navigation route exactly. Around seven o’clock, Kalliope approached the Great Gate in Kvarner. Following a course towards the port of Rijeka, the ship approached the island of Cres more than was allowed for safety. Kalliopé was almost at the exit of the canal when she hit a mine at 7:40. The ship began to tilt visibly to the side, so the captain ordered the lifeboats launched, and the crew boarded and bounced off the sinking ship. At the same moment, the aft part of the ship broke off and sank quickly. The remaining larger part was carried by the current to the south. Luckily in this maritime disaster, a small number of victims were killed – “only” one Greek sailor disappeared. Visibility mostly excellent and currents medium.
Technical wreck Depth 43 – 62 m
El Hawi Star
The 106-meter-long cargo ship El Hawi sank in Saudi Arabia in 1982, leaving the port of Rijeka. She carried a load of mahogany and tiles. Mahogany wood then covered the entire bay after it sank.
On the wreck, the most common targets of the dive are a respectable propeller and a huge anchor. In the captain’s bridge you can see the captain’s rudder and compass.
Depth 26 – 38 m
The Austro-Hungarian passenger steamer built in 1908 sank in 1914 after hitting a mine. He transported families of Austrian officers on the route Boka Kotorska – Mali Losinj – Trieste. As part of speeding up the entire voyage, the captain tried to cross the minefield, as another transport ship had recently succeeded. Mina’s ship hit the port side, and the steamer sank within minutes. More than half of the passengers, mostly women and children, died in the disaster.